Fundamental Principles Of Insurance

Insurance is a contract, a risk transfer mechanism whereby a company (Underwriter) promised to compensate or indemnify another party (Policyholder) upon the payment of reasonable premium to the insurance company to cover the subject-matter of insurance. If you are well conversant with these principles, you will be in a better position in negotiating you insurance needs.

1. Insurable interest. This is the financial or monetary interest that the owner or possessor of property has in the subject-matter of insurance. The mere fact that it might be detrimental to him should a loss occurred because of his financial stake in that assets gives him the ability to insure the property. Castellin Vs Preston 1886.

2. Umberima fadei. It means utmost good faith, this principle stated that the parties to insurance contract must disclose accurately and fully all the facts material to the risk being proposed. That is to say that the insured must make known to the insurer all facts regarding the risk to be insured (Looker Vs Law Union and Rock 1928). Likewise, the underwriter must highlight and explain the terms, conditions and exceptions of the insurance policy. And the policy must be void of small prints.

3. Indemnity. It stated that following a loss, the insurer should ensure that they placed the insured in the exact financial position he enjoyed prior to the loss (Leppard Vs Excess).

4. Contribution. In a situation where two or more insurers is covering a particular risk, if a loss occurred, the insurers must contribute towards the settlement of the claim in accordance with their rateable proportion.

5. Subrogation. It has often been said that contribution and subrogation are corollary of indemnity, which means the afore-mentioned two principles operates so that indemnity does not fail.

Subrogation operates mainly on motor insurance. When an accident occurred involving two or more vehicles, there must be tortfeasor(s) who is responsible for accident. On this basis, the insurer covering the policyholder who was not at fault can recover their outlay from the underwriter of the policyholder who is responsible for the incidence.

Types of Insurance Policies in Fort Myers, FL

Insurance firms are very important in the modern world. They are the only guarantors that you will have a better tomorrow if disaster should strike. Financial institutions cannot assure you of this. There are many types of insurance firms around Fort Myers, FL.

Policies provided by a company offering Insurance in Fort Myers, FL include: 1. Auto insurance policy. After your home, the next major investment in your life is your car. It is not only an asset, but sometimes holds sentimental value. You will need to insure your vehicle to assure you provide repairs or replacement in the event of an accident. Consult with an insurance firm that offers this type policy, and the agents will guide you on the coverage you need considering your driving habits. Ensure that the premiums are affordable and that all vehicles you own can be insured under your policy.

2. You should also consider insuring your property for protection against fire and vandalism that may destroy your assets. These include all valuables that are in your house and that could get damaged in case of a natural disaster. Consider insurance firms that will cover all your personal valuables. This can include a renter’s insurance policy, condo insurance, home insurance, water backup, and wind/hurricane insurance among others.

3. Acquire an insurance policy for your business. In case of a disaster, you could lose all your property and investments. Ensure that you are on the safe side by purchasing an insurance policy that offers this type of coverage. Consult with firms that can insure any type of business. Insurance plans include those of property insurance, workers compensation, professional liability, general liability and contractor’s insurance for all professionals.

4. Insurance in Fort Myers, FL providers also offer flood insurance policies. Floods can occur any time. Despite the improved methods developed to combat floods, you are not guaranteed that you will not be a victim of such a situation. Ensure that you are safe by acquiring this policy from a firm near you. This plan is applicable for your home, business, mobile homes and condos among others. Floods are generally not covered under other policies, so it is important to purchase a separate flood policy.

Tropical Insurance Of Bonita Springs offers an array of policies to cover any situation that may come your way. Ask for advice from their professional staff if you are unsure of the type or amount of coverage you need.

Whether you are looking for an insurance company for auto insurance, home insurance, or business insurance, Visit for professional service and insurance products at competitive rates.

Auto insurance saving tips for individuals read before you select an insurance policy

Every single person with a minimal income owns a car nowadays. Car was a luxury commodity in earlier times – very few people were able to buy it. Today it has become an essential commodity with almost every one purchasing a car for their comfort and needs. Different car manufacturing companies are offering various installments schemes for customers. With the help of an easy installment plan, anyone can purchase a new car now. It is always best to invest in a car insurance policy when you have a car of your own. There are different plans and policies for you to choose from. A car insurance policy will help the car owner to protect his or her losses. In case of accidents, auto thefts, or other related car problems – the insurance policy gives the insured person a much needed financial support.

In the market there are several insurance companies present today. Each and every company is fighting among themselves to be the best and number one company. In order to gain more and more number of customers, every company is trying to provide the best car insurance policy to their customers. If you are interested in a car insurance policy, then ask for insurance quotes from different companies. Fill up the form with your basic information and ask for an insurance quote.

You can ask for insurance quotes from more than one company. Compare these quotes yourself or with the help of online websites or tools. Select the best suited plan for your car and yourself after researching carefully. Do not make haste judgments in case of insurance plans and policies. Read the terms and conditions carefully before signing any papers. If you need saving tips on auto insurance policies then ask a knowledgeable person or a reliable agent.

You can also use the internet services to learn more about various car insurance policies and companies. There are mainly three different types of car insurance policies – third part liability coverage plan, collision coverage plan and comprehensive coverage plan. Most car owners invest in the comprehensive coverage plan for its extensive and flexible nature. This package includes car theft coverage and accidental coverage for car owners. With the help of online insurance websites, you can buy a car insurance policy within minutes without any trouble. There are also several websites which offer individuals with various information regarding insurance policies and companies. They provide people with much needed tips about auto insurance savings and premium rates.

provide people with much needed tips about auto insurance savings and premium rates. .

Professional Athletes With Tax Debt Problems

Darryl Strawberry
Dodgers star, Darryl Strawberry first got in to trouble with the IRS in 1994 when he was put under investigation for tax fraud. The IRS tacked him with tax evasion, and he had to pay back $350,000 in back taxes, serve 3 years of probation, six years of home confinement, and complete 100 hours of community service.

2. Lawrence Taylor
Former Giants linebacker, Lawrence Taylor filed an incorrect federal income tax return back in 1990. Taylor pleaded guilty to the tax charges in 1997, and was punished with three months house arrest, five years probation and 500 hours of community service for income tax evasion.

3. Pete Rose
Baseball favorite, Pete Rose, also got in to some trouble with the government in 1990, when he filed a false income tax return. Despite his celebrity status, Rose was sentenced to five months in a correctional facility, three months in a community treatment center, 1,000 hours of community service and a $50,000 fine.

4. Helio Castroneves
The recent controversy around Indy 500 racer Helio Castroneves and his supposed $5 million tax debt has shed light on the tax problems sports stars can get in to. He is currently being tried for evading taxes on a licensing deal that he claims to never have received a dime from. Only time will tell whether the Indy 500 and dancing with the stars celebrity actually committed the tax crime.

5. Willie McCovey
Hall of Famer Willie McCovey, like many other athletes who ran in to tax trouble, did so by forgetting to claim cash made during autograph signing. While McCovey pleaded guilty to the crime, he also claimed to have committed it unknowingly, since he had a professional handle his accounting. He was sentenced to two years of probation and fined $5,000.

6. O.J. Simpson
Although infamous for more than his athletic abilities, O.J. Simpson upset the IRS enough to be put on the California tax shame list. His tax debt was over $1.5 million, and he stayed on the list for more than a year.

7. Jesse Owens
The late 1930s Olympic winner Jesse Owens got himself into trouble with the IRS. After the Olympics, Owens tried multiple business ventures in the United States to profit off his newly found fame. However, one of his ventures lost Owens a fortune and rendered him unable to pay his full tax liability. As a result, Owens was forced to declare bankruptcy.

8. Boris Becker
Famed tennis player and bad boy, Boris Becker, ran right in to tax trouble when it was discovered his apartment was not his priority residence, as previously claimed. As a result, he was given two years probation, fined $500,000, and ordered to pay expensive court fees.

Things to Check before Hiring a Tax Attorney

Finding the right tax attorney in Maryland can be a daunting task especially because very few people are dedicated to tax law. It becomes even more difficult when you are already frustrated with tax problems. Choose the perfect one and your problems will be vanished. Choose the wrong person and you are never going to come out of the impending doom. Therefore it is crucial to select your tax attorney wisely.

Though it may take a little time and effort to find the right person it is always better to count on a professional than handling such complicated issues yourself. Whether it is a certified tax resolution specialist or a certified public accountant or a tax attorney, selecting the ideal representative is key to your success.

One can have various kinds of tax problems such as audit issues, back taxes, tax returns, payroll taxes or other tax collection. If you encounter any similar problem the first thing you will think of doing is going through Google or the Yellow Page to find out a who will be aware of the local law.

So you have managed to get the contact details of a few Maryland tax attorneys. What next? How do you know whom to hire and whom to avoid? Go through the checklist below to get some handy tips on how to find out the right attorney.

Questions to Ask a Tax Attorney

The first thing to ask is what kind of cases does he handle? Is it personal income tax issue or charity tax issue? Is it business tax problem or estate tax concern? If you are having problem with personal income person choose the one who deals with this issue. Try to see whether the attorney deals with federal law only or he handles state taxes as well? Does he have the experience of dealing with tax problems in multiple jurisdictions? How long the attorney has been in this business and how long is he solving IRS problems? What is his success rate with the tax cases he has handled? Focus on the success rate instead of number of cases because dealing with the IRS is quite difficult. Does he offers any guarantee when you handover your case? Check your lawyer with the Better Business Bureau. If he has more than 20 complaints it is better to stay away from him. Ask about his previous clients and see whether he allows you to talk to them. If he hesitates it is probably better to move on. Make sure that there is no hidden cost and the attorney gives you a clear estimate right at the beginning.

Keep these few points in mind while interviewing a prospective attorney and you are likely to find out the right person. Go through and choose the right one, here you will find many qualified lawyer profile to opt for.

Online Brokers For State Wise Instant Insurance Quotes

You have your long term and short term financial plans in place. Now back them up with an adequate life insurance cover. Basic goal of life insurance policy is to protect the financial well being of the family in case of untimely death of the earning member. Now with a slew of companies offering instant life insurance, you should have no problem taking a life insurance policy for yourself.

Why people avoid buying an insurance policy?

The reasons why people avoid or procrastinate buying a life insurance policy are complex and varied. Most common causes are as follows:

Priorities are given to other financial goals like car and health insurance, mortgages and car payments.

Not approached by life insurance agents.

Apprehensive of buying a wrong policy.

People perceive that they cannot afford buying it.

There is an instant life insurance quote available online, so you need not worry anymore that there may be mis-selling of any kind.

What do you have to do for instant life insurance quote?

Start by entering the ZIP code of the residence. As you enter the zip code, youll be provided with the names of the insurance companies which underwrite insurance policies of the area. If you would like to create a comprehensive portfolio, get started with instant life insurance quotes.

The need of insurance cover will change with the change of the life stage the family is in. Also one has to take into consideration the present lifestyle of the family and the ages of the children of the household.

Since insurance providers provide different sizes and types of insurance in different states, so it is important to key in the zip code that will help deciding the insurance coverage.

You may require to key in additional amount of information, you may fill in online forms or give to the insurance representatives.

Types of insurance

There are several kinds of insurance:

Term life insurance

Cash value life insurance

Whole life insurance

Mortgage life insurance

Survivorship life insurance

Life annuities

Permanent life insurance

Universal life insurance

Things to consider while evaluating online insurance quotes:

While comparing online insurance quotes, you need to compare apples with apples and oranges with oranges. Some quotes seem to be less favorable than others; check out for consistent profile, same amounts and similar insurance type.

Better choices, superior customer support, minimize effort, best possible coverage; these are the primary benefits of instant life insurance quotes.

Also one has to take into of the family and the ages of the children of the household. Please visit at

Reasons behind Tax Controversy

A tax controversy between an individual or a company and Internal Revenue Service can arise due to tax evasion, tax fraud or other minor mistakes. If an IRS agent feels that there is some discrepancy in a tax return like misrepresentation of income, failure to represent actual income, excessive deductions; an audit may ensue.

Tax Audit

IRS will notify you if they want to carry out any tax audit. They will do everything to find out even the smallest breach of the US tax laws. Moreover, audits are stressful and lengthy process and invade an individual’s personal and professional life. It will be best to take legal counsel as soon as you are notified of audit or tax examination.

Efficient lawyer knows how to deal with IRS agents and what documents one may require for audit. If the audit outcome is somehow unsatisfactory, IRS has rights to bring in criminal charges of tax evasion or fraud.

Tax Evasion

When someone deliberately avoids tax payment it can be said as tax evasion. Intentionally avoiding tax is a crime. A company or an individual has to face severe penalties like 5years of prison and $100,000 fine for carrying out such a crime. If you are accused for tax evasion; contact with skilled lawyer. The lawyer will help to avoid imprisonment and harsh fines.

Tax Fraud

Failure to file tax return, sales tax fraud and failure to represent actual income can result in civil and criminal penalties. It is also a serious charge and may result in prison time and heavy fines.

If you are investigated for tax fraud or already charged with the offence, contact a lawyer immediately. A lawyer if present from the beginning will enhance chances of your release. For perfect resolution of tax issues you need to appoint a qualified and experienced lawyer.

Qualities that you should look in a tax lawyer

Every cannot save you from a tax audit or a tax case. Licensed lawyers who possess experience in dealing with IRS know how to proceed with a tax case and negotiate matters with them. If you received an audit notice from IRS, you may be sure that there are some kinds of problems. It is best to consult a lawyer at that moment.

A lawyer may examine details about your finance and be prepare to answer IRS agents. If you try to do it yourself a small mistake can cost you much. Each of your statement is vital and can be used against you in the case.

Factors That May Impact the Settlement Figure Offered By The Insurance Adjuster Or Defense Attorney

An injury law firm can carefully review your injury accident claim and advise you before dealing with insurance company adjusters or defense lawyers. Often, an unrepresented claimant might be told things that simply are not accurate.

The Advantages of Settling a Case vs. Taking It to Court

Upon hiring an injury law firm to represent you, your accident lawyer will review your case and help gather facts regarding your injury. While there is no way to guarantee a settlement, a seasoned attorney can discuss any offers made by the insurance company and give the client a better understanding as to whether the amount offered is fair. Litigation should generally be a last resort due to the time, expense, stress and uncertainty involved in taking a case to court.

It is worth noting that sometimes the insurance company simply refuses to settle. Should this occur in your case, your accident lawyer will discuss whether litigation is an appropriate option.

How Defense Attorneys View Injury Claims

The insurance company will hire a defense lawyer if the case does not settle. Most defense attorneys will take a hard line regarding the possibility of settlement. Generally, they will only consider settlement when a potential trial verdict presents a substantial risk of a large award against them. If the defense attorney believes his/her chances are good at trial, he will likely not recommend or offer settlement with the plaintiff’s injury law office.

The Defense Attorney’s Authority to Settle a Claim

Your injury law firm can gauge a lot about how the insurance company regards a claim by communicating with their defense attorney. Often this individual knows exactly what settlement range the company will offer. As a rule, if defense attorneys can keep the actual settlement at the low end of that range, they will keep themselves employed.

Therefore, your injury law firm will generally assume that any settlement offer made by the defense represents a discount of 50 to 100 percent of the company’s actual authority.

Your insurance bad faith lawyer may expect that figure to rise as the case moves closer to trial. As stated above, however, taking a case to trial can bring about much uncertainty in the result. Moreover, while a client will have very little out of pocket expense in a settlement case, a trial brings costs which, by necessity, must be passed along to the client. Your attorney can fully advise you of your options.

Put an experienced injury law firm in your corner when dealing with insurance companies and defense attorneys.

Factors That May Impact the Settlement Figure Offered By An Insurance Adjuster

An can carefully review your injury accident claim and advise you before dealing with insurance company.

Your may expect that figure to rise as the case moves closer to trial.

In tax, property tax is a way of revenue collection

First of all it is necessary to understand the meaning of tax and that is whatsoever kind of wealth or assets anyone is possessing in the country has to pay tax for it.

There is tax on almost everything and this tax collection is one of the important aspects for the income of the country. The economy of the country rests upon it. There are several kinds of tax and property tax is among them. Supposed if someone is having a land on his name then there are few charges which have to pay to the municipal of that particular place in form of property tax.

How these taxes works

This tax goes into the account of government. There is no loss in paying these taxes, there are various kinds of benefits which can be enjoyed if these taxes are paid timely and no tax evasion is done. In the taxation it is being emphasized that tax evasion can lead to evil consequences. House tax is the property tax and this is an essential part of the tax. This house tax is collected on the house in which person and his family is living. It is not sure about the property tax that how much is going to be charges. The owners of the property there is levy which is being imposed by the government at different rates have to be paid by the returning authority.

Who collects the tax?

For the local bodies means the government this property tax is the main source and entire residents are suppose to pay these taxes on time. If these tax are delayed or not paid and huge debit comes over the tax evader than there are severe punishment and stern actions which are directed by that particular authority. The main thing in this property tax is the entire area which is registered and thus tax is imposed on over that entire area. If these taxes are ignored then the amount keeps on credited over the government and the owner of the house has to pay it at any cost because in case he fails to submit the tax on time then that particular institution or department will collect the tax with proper channel. The tax money cannot be cheated nor can it be avoided.

Choose The Best Marine Insurance Providers In India Insurance Guide

Marine Insurance, it must be understood covers the loss or damage of ships, cargo, terminals, and any transport or property by which cargo is transferred, acquired, or held between the points of origin and final destination. Its value therefore can easily be understood. It is especially critical for fishing industry for it is extremely unlikely that the sea would not turn choppy and if it so happens which invariably happens there is every likelihood that there would be huge loses both of material and of men. It is here that marine insurance comes handy as it ensures that in case of any such nasty events the loss at least of property would be borne by the insurance companies.

The popularity of marine insurance can be gauged from the fact that today there are a large number of insurance companies that provide marine insurance. However, it is advised that people do a thorough research before opting for the policy of any company. This is an extremely monumental job as there are a number of companies that offer marine insurance so it is difficult to properly research them.

It is here that Jai Insurance Brokers, a highly reputed name in the field of insurance sector, swings into action. It has the list of all such reputed and credible insurance companies that provide marine insurance on its website. All that people have to do is to log on to their website and the list of all the companies along with their terms and conditions would be available to them.

Then again Jai Insurance Brokers also provide online facilities to its clients which spares them from the difficulties of commuting to the office as they can purchase and make payments online. Furthermore the agents of Jai Insurance Brokers are not only extremely courteous but they are also ever willing to go to any length to serve their esteemed customers. The fee that is charged by the company for the services that it provides is also extremely reasonable.

It is the combination of all the above mentioned reasons that has propelled Jai Insurance Brokers on the top slot amongst everyone who might be interested in availing a marine insurance policy and judging by the popularity being enjoyed by the company it can easily be said that coming days would be even better for them.

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